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Department of Community and Public Health

Community and Public Health

The philosophy of our programmes;
In line with the philosophy of the TU-Kenya, Community and Public Health programmes trains a critical mass of personnel with requisite knowledge and technical skills, knowledge and skills to understand and address public health challenges.  The human resource trained is equipped to prevent diseases and promote health and wellness in their various capacities. The department offers a multidisciplinary training towards prevention and promotion strategies and policy actions to improve health. Skills attained enable programmatic and policy development of learners towards sustainable health development, disease prevention and promotion activities for individual, families and communities. It is ideal for learners with a record of academic achievement who gain satisfaction knowing that they are working to improve the health of others and who aspire to leadership roles in the field of public health and policy. The program appeals to those who want to move into the field of public health, as well as those who already work within a public health or health related field and are preparing for advancement in their careers, organizations or field, or seeking to broaden their knowledge and skill set.

The greatest health needs in Kenya as provided by the Ministry of Health road map include reducing the burden of communicable conditions, halting and reversing the rising burden of non-communicable conditions, tackling emerging and re-emerging diseases, reduce the burden of violence and injuries, minimizing exposure to health risk factors, provision of essential health services, strengthening collaboration with health-related sectors. A key feature of the Kenya Constitution provides a great opportunity for the achievement of highest standard of health is the devolution of health service provision to enhance quality and access of health services. The Kenya’s Big Four Agenda includes the attainment of the Universal Health Care Coverage as one of its health priority areas, which also aligns to the strategies for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.

The Kenya Health Policy (2014-2030) estimates that communicable, non-communicable and Violence/injuries will contribute to 290,000 deaths in 2030 (i.e. 5.4 deaths per 1,000 persons), down from 420,000 deaths in 2010 (i.e. 10.6 deaths per 1,000 deaths). The top five causes of outpatient morbidity in Kenya are Malaria, Diseases of the Respiratory System (including pneumonia), Skin Diseases, diarrhea and accidents accounting for about 70 percent of total causes of morbidity. Malaria contributes about a third of total outpatient morbidity. HIV/AIDS is estimated to be the leading cause of death in the coming years accounting for about 30 percent of deaths. HIV/AIDS together with other infectious diseases such as Malaria, Lower respiratory infections and TB account for almost half of all Diasability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) in Kenya. Lifestyle related diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, heart disease and cancers are increasing, hence posing a threat to the health care system in terms of diverting resources from basic health care services. Kenyans also face a number of risk factors to health, which include unsafe sex, suboptimal breastfeeding, alcohol and tobacco use, and substance abuse, obesity and physical inactivity, amongst others. This places a huge human resource demand on the health sector for planning, policy development and management capacities.

 

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